CLASS: JS 3
SUBJECT: ENGLISH STUDIES
TIME: 2 HOURS
PART A: COMPREHENSION
Instruction: Answer all questions.
Read the following passage carefully, and answer the questions on it.
A country’s human population can grow beyond available resources such as food, water and shelter. This leads to problems such as overcrowding and starvation.
Many countries have found it essential to regulate their national populations so that they have populations that they can cater for. Catering for a human population does not involve only food and shelter but many other requirements such as education, medical services, employment and transportation.
A country regulates its population through family planning. Family planning means that parents voluntarily limit their children to the number they want.
An average girl is capable of becoming a mother at the age of about 15, and may continue bearing children until the age of 45. If she bears children at the rate of one in two years, and all of them remain alive, she may have a total of 15 children. If most of the women in a particular generation did this, the country’s population would explode.
Today, educated parents voluntarily limit the size of their families because they know that by so doing, they can provide for the children they choose to have.
Some people argue, especially on religious grounds, that family planning is wrong because it often involves the termination of the life of a baby. But, in fact, there are several family planning methods and the emphasis in family planning is on the prevention of conception, rather than the termination of life. One can therefore choose a method of birth control that agrees with one’s religious beliefs.
- What are the consequences of overpopulation according to the passage?
- What does a country have to do in order to cater for its population?
- Why is it important to regulate national populations?
- What is family planning?
- From the explanation given in paragraph 4, how many children will a woman bear if she gives birth every two years between the ages of 15 and 45?
- Which word in paragraph 4 means’ to increase suddenly in an uncontrolled way’?
- For each of the following words, find another word or phrase which means the same and which can replace it as used passage
[i] Starvation [ ii] regulate
[iii] termination [iv] conception
Police officers have quite a difficult job fighting crime. When a crime has been committed, they must find out the facts, and collect the _8_ . Once they have tracked down the __9__ they have to arrest them and bring them to __10_. Clever lawyers will often be called to defend the accused people, so the police have to be sure of the facts.
If the criminal is __11__he or she is punished. Young or __12__ maybe given a warning but, some of them are often sent to jail often for long periods.
A B C D
8.wrongdoing information errors evidence
9. offences guilts criminals robbers
10. jail prison police station court
11. guilty acquitted on trial accused
12. acquitted prisoners accused offenders
Fill in the gaps with the most suitable word from the options A-D
13. John is not prepared to marry now, even through he brought his _____ home yesterday. (a) fiancée (b) bride (c) woman (d) fiancé
14. The _____ of food coming out of our neighbour’s kitchen is tantalizing. (a) smell (b) scent (c) fragrance (d)aroma
15. It was impossible for anyone staying in such ____ conditions to remain healthy. (a) unhygienic (b) infections (c) contagious (d) epidemic
Choose from the alternatives lettered A-D the word which is correctly spelt
16. (a) contrary (b) countary (c) country (d) contry
17. (a) permission (b) permision (c) permistion (d) parmission
18. (a) sthetoscope (b) stethoscope (c)sthethoscope (d) steotoscope
19. (a) advicer (b) advissar (c) advisea (d) adviser
20. (a) separete (b) saparate (c) separate (d) seperate
21. (a) diarrhea (b) diarhia (c) diarrhoea (d) diarhoea
22. (a) chauffer (b) chafeur (c) chawffeur (d) chauffeur
23. (a) repercussion (b) reparcursion (c) reperccussion (d) repercursion
24. (a) comitee (b) committee (c) commitee (d) comittee
25. (a) tommorrow (b)tomorow (c)tomorrow
Choose the word that is opposite in meaning to the underlined word in the sentences below.
26. Few people prefer rural life to living in the___areas (a) pastoral (b) urban (c) modern (d) rustic
27. Polygamy is very common in Africa as opposed to ___ in Europe (a) monogamy (b) bigamy (c) celibacy (d) polyandry
28. Tobi adores dogs he has a very strong___ for cats (a) love (b)annoyance (c) dislike (d) attitude
29. One of the aims of government policy is to make us____ rather than consumers (a) parasites (b) developers (c) designers (d) producers
30. The governor declined to give audience to the journalist (a) accepted (b) forge (c) ignored (d) refused
31. The farmer used artificial light seedling in the nursery (a) natural (b) hot (c)dull (d) bright
32. Smoking is encouraged by some medical experts (a) allowed (b) banned (c) prohibited (d) expected
For each of the following words, find another word or phrase which means the same and which can replace it as used passage
33. The principal want us to___ the motion, so don’t oppose it (a) sustain (b) support (c) defend (d) applaud
34. An elephant can be a tamed animal.
(a) strong (b) wild (c) frail (d) noisy
35. Tolu looked intoxicated after the fight
(a)sober (b) happy (c) elated (d) drunk
Choose the word that has the same vowel or consonant sound as the one represented by the underlined letter.
36. blood (a) above (b) rough (c) cough (d) book
37. work (a) walk (b) blue (c)journey (d)clerk
38. seat (a) bit (b) leg (c) meat (d) start
39. bed (a) bird (b) best (c) first (d) bead
40. part (a) back (b) pack (c) sat (d) bark
41. /ai/ (a) sight (b) how (c) rent (d) rest
42. /i/ (a) cow (b) go (c)soil (d) beat
43. /z/ (a) tents (b) kegs (c) chiefs (d) boys
44. /g/ (a) reign (b) rage (c) drag (d) night
45. /k/ (a) champion (b) chief (c) chorus (d) champagne
Choose the nearest in meaning to the underlined word
46. Chioma made a mistake. She looked for ways to rectify it (a) destroy (b) remove (c) correct (d) eradicate
47. The lawn tennis player was sweating profusely (a) gradually (b) slowly (c) excessively (d) abundantly
48. Mothers warn their children not to be unduly inquisitive (a) curious (b) naughty (c) troublesome (d) insistent.
49. Even when the team seem to be losing the match, the fans were optimistic that they would win (a) encouraged (b) pessimistic (c) thoughtful (d) confident
50. The Saudis were fortunate to win by penalty kicks (a) late (b) eager (c) lucky (d) happy
51. Tobacco is dangerous to health (a) essential (b) beneficial (c) harmful (D) offensive
52. One of the symptoms of cholera is frequent stooling (a) tricks (b) attacks (c) treatment (d) signs
53. Olu aggravated his injury by further playing football (a) kindled (b) worsened (c) kicked (d) heated
54. Bees are noted for breeding in enormous numbers.
(a) very much (b)very large (c)very long (d) very wide
55. The students write their JAMB yearly.
(a) daily (b) monthly (c) annually (d) weekly
Fill in the gaps with the most suitable words from the options A-D
56. The wages ___ sin is death. (a) was (b) are (c) off (d) of
57. Some parents like to show their children __
(a) of (b) on (c) in (d) off
58. Vitamin C is obtained ____ citrus fruits
(a) by (b)from (c)in (d) of
59. Does your mother always ______ her new car? (a) drives (b) driving (c) drive (d) drove
60. The robbers _____before the police arrived
(a) was gone (b) has gone (c)had gone (d) have gone
Choose the correct figures of speech
61. He is as tall as an iroko tree. (a) metaphor (b) personification (c) simile (d)paradox
62. Tajudeen is a goat. (a) metaphor (b) personification (c) irony (d) simile
63. Adekunle fought like a lion on the field, is an example of__ (a) simile (b) metaphor (c) paradox (d) oxymoron
64. The matter is an open secret. What figure of speech is used? (a) Paradox (b) oxymoron (c) synecdoche (d) euphemism
65. The sun smiled and everywhere became bright, is an example of __(a) metonymy (b)synecdoche (c) paradox (d) personification
66. The writer of a poem is called____(a) poetist
(b) poet (c) dramatist (d) novelist
67. A poem that tells a story is a/an ________ (a) ballad (b)dirge (c)sonnet (d) elegy
68. Adigwe is a gentleman on the road is an example of __________(a) alliteration (b)assonance (c)euphemism (d) paradox
69. A play that ends happily is called _________
(a) comedy (b) tragedy (c) tragi-comedy (d) satire
70. “Death lays its icy hands on kings” is a/an__
(a) euphemism (b) paradox (c) personification (d) metonymy
Fill in the gaps with appropriate possessive pronouns in the following sentences
71. We have a large house. It is _________
72. Those are their books. They’re ________
73. My father has four cars. They’re _________
74. He has a pet dog. It’s __________
75. It’s my book. It’s ___________
76. He tore my trousers but I didn’t tear ______(his, him)
77. They went in their car and we went in _______(yours, ours)
78. Mary did the assignment by ____
79. Jumoke taught ________ how to sew (me, it)
80. That car belongs to _________, it is mine (yours, me)
From the options A-D, choose the correct interpretation to the underlined expression in the sentences below.
81. The thieves took to their heels when they saw the policemen. This means the thieves——-[a] ran away [b] shot at the policemen [c] disappeared [d] fought with the policemen.
82. Neither Mary nor Martha won the race. This means——— [a] the two of them won [b] only Martha won [c] only Mary won [d] none of them won.
83. Lazy students desire to cut corners in order to pass. [a] stand at street corners to pass [b] pass without doing the necessary things [c] draw street corners always [d] pass with a lot of rigours
84. One of Tade’s friends is light-fingered. This means he is——– [a] skillful with his hands [b] careless in handling things [c] prone to stealing [d] fair-skinned
85. Soji decided to play along with them for the time being. (a) entertain them (b)be playful with them (c) pretend to agree with them (d) join their team temporarily
86. Some people enjoy life from cradle to grave. This means some people enjoy life from (a) birth to death (b) whether in cradle or grave (c) the grave (d) the cradle
87. The manager escaped the accident by a hair’s breath (a)seriously injured (b) but lost his hair (c) crying for (d) narrowly
88. He is a thorn in my flesh. This means that _______ (a) he likes my flesh (b) he is a hindrance to me (c) there is a thorn in his flesh (d) he taught me well
89. Ugo shed crocodile tears means (a) no tears at all (b) fake tears (c) heavy tears (d) few tears
90. The pen is mightier than the sword. This means that_______(a) the pen is heavier than sword (b) learning is good (c) learning is bad (d) learning is greater than military power
Use the words in the list below to complete the expressions: (herd, gang, bouquet, shoal, bevy, fleet, swarm, team, troop, litter)
91. A ______ of flowers
92. A ______ of cubs
93. A ______ of monkeys
94. A ______ of players
95. A ______ of fish
96. A ______ of ladies
97. A ______ of bees
98. A ______ of thieves
99. A ______ of elephants
100. A ______ of cars.
PART B: THEORY
Instruction: Answer three questions in this section. Choose one question from part I and two other questions from part II
PART 1: ESSAY/LETTER WRITING
Answer one question from this section. Your answer should be about 200 words long. Choose either A or B and write on it.
1a. Write a letter to your friend who attends a village school telling him/her three things in your school that make school life interesting.
1b. Write an essay on “The causes of road accidents on Nigerian road
PART II : GRAMMAR
- Complete the following by supplying suitable prefixes using these (dis-, mis-, uni-,mal-, sub-, ir-, poly-, -in, ex-, fore-, un-, inter-, tri-)
iii ____ fathers
vii ______ angle
x ______ deed
2. Pluralize the following compound words
ii. Auditor – general
iii. Step – child
iv. Co – editor
v. Post – office
vi. Bread –crumb
vii. Shirt – sleeve
viii. Secretary – general
ix. Swimming -pool
x. Commander – in – chief
3. Put these adjectives into comparative and superlative