BASIC TECHNOLOGY LESSON NOTE: Building Construction – doors and windows

Doors and Windows
Doors and Windows

Doors
Doors are entries or exits into and out of a building or room. Doors are made of wood or metals.  Doors are fixed to the wall with hinges so that they can swing freely. They have handles to help open and close them, and locks that ensures that it cannot be opened without a key.


Types of doors

flush door
flush door
folding doors
folding doors
french door
french door
garage door
garage door
louvre door
louvre door
panel door
panel door
revolving door
revolving door
double sliding doors
double sliding doors



Windows

Windows are openings made of glass, wood or metal, to allow light and air from outside to enter a building. 

Types of windows

casement window
casement window
louvre window
louvre window
pivoted sash window
pivoted sash window
sliding sash window
sliding sash window



Functions of doors and windows


1.    Safety:  doors and windows keep the occupants of the apartment relatively safe from intruders and elements like snow, rain, heat and wind. Strong doors and windows deter unscrupulous entities from gaining free access into the house.


2.    Beauty: doors and windows add to the aesthetic beauty of a house. 


3.    Thermal efficiency: good doors and windows help to keep the ‘room temperature’ sane when the generally weather in the neighborhood his low. Most folks in extremely cold regions who cannot afford the luxury of heaters and fireplaces depends on their thermal efficient window and door panels to assist in keeping the extreme cold at a bearable degree. 


Class activity:
1.    Sketch three different types of doors.
2.    Sketch three different types of windows.

Exercises:
1.    What is a door?
2.    Why are doors fixed to buildings?
3.    What is a window?
4.    Why are windows fixed to buildings?
5.    Draw two types of doors you know.
6.    Draw two types of windows you know.

Research:
1.    What is a roof?
2.    Draw the symbols of the following:
a.    Hardcore
b.    Strip foundation
c.    Filament bulb
d.    Sink
e.    Wash hand basin
f.     Closet


(Credits: newtconstruction.com, www.everestply.comwww.geetaplyboards.comfrench-doors.netwww.yyconstruction.com, www.bmwindowsca.com, superiorgaragedoorsatlanta.comthe-windowco.co.uk, www.dorma.com, www.windowgrill.com.sg, knowledge.autodesk.comgradyjoinery.comwww.windoor.com.au)

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